Foundations of Lesson Planning
(U.S. Digital Literacy)
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What does a class look like without a plan? Click on the image below to watch the 7 minute Saturday Night Live skit. The video will open in a new tab. This can be the activating strategy. As you view, ask what this teacher could have done differently.
Begin the lesson with an an activating strategy (AS), which is a technique to "activate students' prior knowledge through use of engaging strategies designed to focus learning. The AS should be engaging to hook students with emotion to create attentive, curious, and excited learners. Whether using humor or drama, something visual or creating a mood by storytelling, emotional engagement is key to getting (U.S. Digital Literacy)
Teaching is how you deliver the lesson information to your students. Your methods of Direct Instruction could include reading a book, displaying diagrams, showing real-life examples of the subject matter, using props, discussing relevant characteristics, watching a video, or other hands-on and/or presentational steps directly related to your lesson plan's stated objective.
Guided practice is the interactive instruction between teacher and students. After the Direct Instruction, begin the Guided Practice process by engaging students in a similar task to what they will complete later in the lesson independently. Outline how your students will demonstrate that they grasped the skills, concepts, and modeling that presented during the Direct Instruction.
While you circulate the classroom and provide assistance for a given activity, the students should be able to perform the task and be held accountable for the lesson's information.The Guided Practice activities can be either individual or cooperative learning. As a teacher, you should observe the students' level of mastery of the material in order to inform your future teaching. Additionally, provide focused support for individuals needing extra help to reach the learning goals.
An effective closure activity promotes the retention of knowledge through the use of engaging strategies designed to rehearse and practice skills for the purpose of moving knowledge into long-term memory. Ideally, closure activities create powerful learning effects at the end of the class, something that will reverberate for hours after the lesson is over.
"As a deliberate part of your planning process, these activities summarize the current lesson, provide it context, and build anticipation for the next. Properly implemented, they will help you establish and maintain course momentum." (LUCERO, N.D.) Reinforcing what students have learned, closure activities also serve as an assessment tool with which to evaluate your students retention level—Did they get it?
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